Work at sea requires adaptation to some special conditions: swell of the sea, work in shifts and an increasingly multicultural environment.
The ship is a small, somewhat isolated community where you also spend the free time with your co-workers and there is sometimes difficult to find total privacy.
Those who choose the seafarer profession following only a romantic idea will quickly drop out from the field.

The qualifications needed for a seafarer profession are regulated by the international STCW Convention (International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers) and by national regulations.
Seafarers must demonstrate their qualification with a certificate of competence (CoC) issued by the appropriate maritime administration. A CoC requires custom training and practice as well as sufficient working experience.

The professions and competences are international, which means that is possible to work anywhere in the world.

Everyone working at sea will regularly have to visit a seamen’s doctor for medical fitness examination. The different seafarer categories require a specific standard of hearing and eyesight and. For seafarers working in the deck apartment flawless color vision is required .

Good knowledge of English is very important in seafaring.

With increasing automation and development of maritime technology, the navigation, control, monitoring of loading devices have also become increasingly technical and complex. In addition to the broad-scale competence typically needed a seafarer profession, in-depth technical understanding is also required.